Report Graphics Directory

Unravelling the Food-Health Nexus

Addressing Practices, Political Economy, and Power Relations to Build Healthier Food Systems

The following graphics visualize key elements of the food-health nexus, drawing on the analysis developed in “Unravelling the Food-Health Nexus: Addressing Practices, Political Economy, and Power Relations to Build Healthier Food Systems”.


Figure 1: The ballooning costs of health impacts in food systems

Health impacts in food systems generate major economic costs in addition to the severe human costs. This illustration brings together some recent annual estimates of the most costly impacts associated with food systems.

The ballooning costs of health impacts in food systems

Figure 2: How food systems affect human health: Five channels of impact

Food systems affect human health through five key channels. The resulting health impacts are exacerbated by a series of factors like climate change, poverty and inequality, and unsanitary conditions.

How food systems affect human health: five channels of impact

Figure 3: Blind spots in the evidence base: under-reported and under-estimated occupational hazards in food systems

A range of occupational health impacts in food systems tend to be obscured from view, leaving major blind spots in the evidence base.

Blind spots in the evidence base: under-reported and under-estimated occupational hazards in food systems

Figure 4: Environmental contamination pathways

Environmental contamination risks arise from multiple food system activities, transit through multiple pathways (e.g., water, soil, and air), and manifest themselves in a variety of severe health conditions.

Environmental contamination pathways

Figure 5: Broadening the frames of the debate on diets and nutrition

Debates on diets and nutrition range from narrowly framed approaches to a focus on the broader socio-economic conditions for health and sufficient diets.

Broadening the frames of the debate on diets and nutrition

Figure 6: The Food-Health-Climate nexus

Food systems are a major driver of climate change. In turn, climate change exacerbates a range of health risks associated with food systems.

Figure 7: The Food-Health-Poverty nexus

Poverty is perpetuated by the low-cost commodity production underpinning modern food systems. In turn, poverty exacerbates diet-related diseases, food insecurity, and other health risks in food systems.

The Food-Health-Poverty nexus

Estimated Annual Fatal Injury Rate in the Agricultural Sector

Estimated Annual Fatal Injury Rate in the Agricultural Sector

Annual Cost of Occupational Hazards in Food Systems

Annual Cost of Occupational Hazards in Food Systems

Annual Deaths Resulting From Agriculture/Fisheries

Annual Costs Resulting From EDC Exposure

Annual Costs Resulting From EDC Exposure

Annual Costs of Compromisesd & Contaminated Food

Economic Impact of Obesity

economic impact of obesity

Annual Expenditure on Diabetes

Annual Expenditure on Diabetes

Economic Impacts of Obesity Estimated to Double Every 10 Years

Economic Impacts of Obesity Estimated to Double Every 10 Years

Global Rates of Overweight and Obesity

Global Rates of Overweight and Obesity

Annual Hunger & Food Insecurity Costs

Malnutrion Costs Globally