Report Graphics Directory
Unravelling the Food-Health Nexus
Addressing Practices, Political Economy, and Power Relations to Build Healthier Food Systems
The following graphics visualize key elements of the food-health nexus, drawing on the analysis developed in “Unravelling the Food-Health Nexus: Addressing Practices, Political Economy, and Power Relations to Build Healthier Food Systems”.
Figure 1: The ballooning costs of health impacts in food systems
Health impacts in food systems generate major economic costs in addition to the severe human costs. This illustration brings together some recent annual estimates of the most costly impacts associated with food systems.
Figure 2: How food systems affect human health: Five channels of impact
Food systems affect human health through five key channels. The resulting health impacts are exacerbated by a series of factors like climate change, poverty and inequality, and unsanitary conditions.
Figure 3: Blind spots in the evidence base: under-reported and under-estimated occupational hazards in food systems
A range of occupational health impacts in food systems tend to be obscured from view, leaving major blind spots in the evidence base.
Figure 4: Environmental contamination pathways
Environmental contamination risks arise from multiple food system activities, transit through multiple pathways (e.g., water, soil, and air), and manifest themselves in a variety of severe health conditions.
Figure 5: Broadening the frames of the debate on diets and nutrition
Debates on diets and nutrition range from narrowly framed approaches to a focus on the broader socio-economic conditions for health and sufficient diets.
Figure 6: The Food-Health-Climate nexus
Food systems are a major driver of climate change. In turn, climate change exacerbates a range of health risks associated with food systems.
Figure 7: The Food-Health-Poverty nexus
Poverty is perpetuated by the low-cost commodity production underpinning modern food systems. In turn, poverty exacerbates diet-related diseases, food insecurity, and other health risks in food systems.